The Perfect Guide to Ear Hematoma in Dogs

If you’re one of the many pet owners who have been alarmed by the appearance of an Ear Hematoma in dogs, you’re not alone. Ear Hematomas can be a terrifying sight, and they have a variety of causes that can be difficult to diagnose. That’s why we’ve put together the perfect guide to ear hematoma in dogs. In this article, we’ll discuss the different types of ear hematomas and their symptoms, and we’ll provide you with information on how to treat them. We hope that this guide will help you get your dog back on track as soon as possible!

A  hematoma is any abnormal blood filled space.  An Aural Hematoma is a collection of blood under the skin of the ear flap of a dog or cat.  (The ear flap itself is called the Pinna.)  Ear hematoma in dogs occurs much more commonly in dogs than in cats; a hematoma generally is the result of trauma to the pinna from an injury or from the dog or cat scratching at the ear.  The itchy ear can result from ear mites, allergies, infections or foreign matter in the ear canal.  Frequent scratching at the ear, or even vigorous shaking of the head, can result in a rupture of small blood vessels beneath the skin of the pinna.  Since there is little strength or depth to the tissues of the pinna, clotting may be delayed… especially if the dog or cat continues to upset the clotting by additional self trauma.

Ear Hematoma in Dogs

The entire ear flap can become swollen, infected and severely uncomfortable to the dog.  Hematomas can heal themselves but will leave behind a scarred, crinkled and shrunken pinna. And since the original cause is usually an infected ear canal, the original cause needs to be treated as well as the hematoma itself.  Veterinarians generally will recommend surgery to open and drain the hematoma and remove dead and degenerating clots and fibrin.  Then sutures are used to tack the skin layers over the thin cartilage center tight to the cartilage to eliminate any space for more blood or serum to accumulate.  Of course this is done only under general anesthesia, and antibiotics and anti-inflammatory medication is used post operatively.  

During the procedure both ear canals are examined and any treatment and cleaning is done.  The sutures are left in place for two weeks, minor cleaning is done at home using peroxide, and the patient is readmitted for a final inspection and suture removal.  As with many kinds of ear troubles in the canine (allergies, infections, wax build-up, mites, etc), diligent aftercare is necessary to keep scar tissue and long term pathology from occurring. 

Well, as you can see from the above-mentioned information, there are a number of factors that cause ear hematomas in dogs. Apart from unknown trauma, excessive and prolonged use of certain medications also lead to this condition. If your pet develops such symptoms one day or other, it is important for you to take him to a vet at the earliest.

Thereafter, the doctor will examine your pet’s ears and can also order some diagnostic tests if necessary. For faster diagnosis results, keep an eye on your dog’s behaviour for several days after the incident has occurred in case it recurs again.

Frequently Asked Questions

How serious is a hematoma in dogs?

The majority of subdermal hematomas are not dangerous, but those on organs or in the brain can result in more serious medical issues. Your veterinarian can evaluate the hematoma’s seriousness and decide whether treatment is required. While some smaller hematomas will disappear on their own, larger ones could require draining.

Why ear hematoma is common in dog?

Infections, allergies, bite wounds, or other inflammatory ear conditions that cause persistent ear scratching and head shaking are the most common causes of auditory hematomas in dogs. There may occasionally be an object stuck in the ear canal, such a tick or a bit of grass.

How can I prevent my dog from getting a hematoma?

The best defence against a hematoma is routine grooming. A frequently brushed dog is less likely to experience skin-tearing matting. Infections, another reason why dogs shake and scratch at their ears, can be avoided by keeping a dog’s ears clean.

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