Treating perineal hernia in dogs can be challenging, but with the help of a veterinarian, the problem can be solved. In this article, we provide a simple guide for veterinarians on how to treat perineal hernia in dogs. We also outline the common causes of perineal hernia in dogs, and discuss the various treatments that are available.
Perineal Hernia in Dogs
What is a hernia?
A hernia is a protrusion of an organ or tissue through an abnormal opening. A perineal hernia occurs when fat, blood vessels or organs such as the bladder have the opportunity to leave the pelvic abdominal area and enter the area along side the muscles of the the tail, gluteals and anus. Now those tissues composing the hernia and normally “in the abdomen” are escaping out under the skin of the rump.
What dogs get hernias?
The vast majority of dogs that acquire perineal hernias are older males that have not been neutered. Some breeds are more likely to acquire perineal hernias than others.
How do they get it?
A number of factors contribute to the development of perineal hernias. Genetic selection for low muscle mass in the rump area and male hormone influences are involved. Environmental factors can play a role such as exercise and sudden impacting pressure to the abdomen. Animals who have suffered trauma such that the intra-abdominal pressure suddenly rises can force abdominal contents through a body wall and into areas outside the abdomen.
What can be done about it?
Because hernias are actually openings in body walls or barriers, the opening must be closed for a state of normalcy to exist. Sometimes a small hernia will seal itself with fat or scar tissue. These healed hernias are less strong than the original normal barrier and may reopen on occasion. Surgical correction via suturing the hernial opening is the most common method of correcting a hernia in animals. Sometimes, artificial material is sutured into the area to assist in forming a barrier to tissues that shouldn’t be present.
If you’re a veterinarian treating perineal hernia in dogs, then this blog is for you! In this article, we will provide you with a simple guide on how to treat perineal hernia in dogs. We will also cover the common complications that can occur as a result of the hernia, and give you some tips on how to prevent them from happening. So, whether you’re a veterinarian treating perineal hernia in dogs for the first time, or you’re just looking for a refresher on the topic, read on!
Frequently Asked Questions
How serious is perineal hernia in dogs?
Perineal hernias can also make it difficult for your pet to urinate. Excessive straining can sometimes cause the urinary bladder to retroflex (flip backwards into the pelvic canal), resulting in urine blockage and possibly a loss of blood flow to the bladder.
How can I help my dog with perineal hernia?
The most common therapy for a perineal hernia is surgery. The contents of the hernia will be returned to their proper locations, and the pelvic diaphragm will be healed. During this procedure, the colon and bladder may be sutured to the abdominal wall to assist stabilise those organs and avoid recurrence.
How common are perineal hernias in dogs?
Perineal hernia is a rare condition that mostly affects middle-aged to older male canines who are healthy. Consistent clinical indicators and rectal palpation are used to make the diagnosis.
What does a perineal hernia in a dog feel like?
Swelling beside the rectum, constipation, and straining to defecate are the most frequent signs of a perineal hernia. Painful faeces, faecal incontinence, altered tail carriage, and straining to urinate are some of the other symptoms.